ABGMVM TABLA SYLLABUS 

 

 

LEVEL - 1

Abgmvm/Tabla/ Pakhaavaj/Nov 06   

Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal

PRARAMBHIK    TABLĀ / PAKHĀVAJ

    Marks: 50                                                                                            Minimum: 18

    Practical: 40, Theory: 10 (Oral)

 

Theory in oral form:                                                                      

  1. Definitions of the following terms

Matră, Tăl, Sam, Tăli, Khăli, Vibhăg, Dugun, Ăvartan

 

Practical:

  1. Complete knowledge of all main varnăs and its method of playing on your instrument.
  2. a. Proficiency in reciting and playing all the following tăls in thăh and dugun.

1) Tabla:           Trităl,    Jhaptăl,    Dadră,     Kaherwă

2) Pakhăvaj:     Ădităl,    Chautăl,    Sultăl

      2)   b. Ability to recite and play Rupak / Tewră tăl in barăbar ki laya (normal tempo)

      3)   Improvisation in following tăls:

TABLĂ

  1. TRITAAL
  • One TiTa kăydă with three paltăs with tihăi.
  • One Tirakita kăayda with three paltăs with tihăi.

 

  1. At least one tihăi from sam to sam in Trităl and Jhaptăl.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                                                                                                 PAKH ĂVAJ

  1. Composition of Dhage Tita and Dhum Kita bols with variations in Chautăl in barăbar  ki laya (normal tempo).

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

MARKSHEET QUESTIONNAIRE

Notes:

  • 10 minute is allotted for each candidate. It is important to ask questions according to the columns.
  • Questions for the Pakhăvaj will be asked according to the syllabus.
  • From Praveshika Pratham every candidate will have to perform with the Laheră. Only practical part of the syllabus will be repeated from Praveshika Pratham onwards.
  • Questions relevant to accompaniment (săth sangat) must be conducted in the presence of vocalist or an instrumentalist.

 

1

Definitions

10 marks

2

Playing of Varnăs and thekăs of tăls in single and double

10 marks

3

Recitation of the thekăs of tăls by hand

10 marks

4

Playing in Trităl and Jhaptăl according to the syllabus.

12 marks

5

Playing in Rupak tăl according to the syllabus.

3 marks

6

Overall presentation

5 marks

7

Total

50 marks


________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

                                 LEVEL - 2                                

                                                                          Abgmvm/Tabla/ Pakhaavaj/Nov 06                                                                            

Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal

PRAVESHIKA PRATHAM    TABLA / PAKHAVAJ

Marks: 75                                                                                                Minimum: 26

    Practical: 60, Theory: 15 (Oral)

 

   Theory: (In oral form):

  1. Definition of the following terms

Sangeet, Năd, Swar, Laya, Bol, Kisme, Kăydă, Mukhdă, Tihăi, Tigun, Chaugun, Tukdă

 

  1. Rupak / Tewră  and  Ektăl / Adităl to recite by hand showing khăli and tăli in barăbar ki laya

      (basic tempo) and dugun (double)

  1. Explanation of the various parts of Tabla / Pakhăvaj.

 

   Practical:

  1. Rupak / Tewră  and  Ektăl / Adităl to play in barăbar ki laya (basic tempo) and dugun (double).
  2. Improvisation in following Tăls:

TABLA

Trităl :

  • Two kisme
  • one kăydă of Dha ti with three paltăs and tihăi
  • Two mukhăs
  • Two Tukdăs.

     Jhaptaal:

  • One kăydă of Tita with three paltă and Tihăi
  • One kisme
  • One tukdă
  • Two tihăis from sam to sam

 

PAKHĂVAJ

Chautăl & Sultăl

  • Two Parans in each tăls.
  • One relă with four paltăs in each tăl.
  • Two tihăis from sam to sam in each tăls.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Notes:

  1. 15 minutes are allocated for each candidate for this examination
  2. Candidate must perform everything with the lahera.
  3. Student of Pakhăvaj will be asked tăls from the syllabus.

 

MARKSHEET QUESTIONNAIRE

 

 

Subject Matter

Marks

1

To play thekăs of tăls of syllabus in dugun (double)

10

2

Definitions and to recite thekăs of tăls by hand

10

3

Explanations of Dănyu (small drum) and Bănyu (big drum)

05

4

Recital in Trităl

25

5

Recital in Jhaptăl

20

6

Overall presentation

5

 

Total

75

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
LEVEL - 3

Abgmvm/Tabla/ Pakhaavaj/Nov 06   

 

Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal

PRAVESHIKA PURNA    TABLA / PAKHAVAJ

Marks: 125                                                                                              Minimum: 44

  Theory: 50 / Min: 18                                                                Practical: 75 / Min: 26

 

Theory

 

  1.   Knowledge of Vilambit, Madhya and Drut laya.

  2.  Different Bols /syllables played on Tabla / pakhavaj and the procedure of playing.

  • Bols /syllables played only with the right hand.
  • Bols/syllables played only with the left hand.
    • Bols/ syllables played with both hands together.​

  3.  Write the process of playing the following bols:

  • Tirakita takdaan, Kada dha , Kitataka , Ghida naga, Dhir dhir, Traka, Kdadhaan, Gadigana.

  4.  Full knowledge of Pt. paluskar and Pt. Bhatkhande notation systems.

  5.  Ability to write the following taals in both notation systems:

  • Tabla:   Tritaal,    Dadra,   Keharva,    Rupak,    Jhaptaal.
  • Pakhavaj:    Chautaal,    Sultaal,   Tevra,    Dhamaar  and  Aaditaal.

  6. Knowledge of writing the Tukdas of Tritaal / Chautaal  and  Jhaptaal / Sultaal in Pt. Bhatkhande

       notation system.

  7. Definition of the following terms.

  • Kaayda, rela, Palta, Tihai, Mukhda, Laggi, Uthaan, Chakradhaar, Mohra.

 

      Practical

 

  1. Ability to recite by hand and play the following taals in single and double:

       Tabla:                     Dhumali,   Dipchandi,   Chautaal,   Tevra.

       Pakhavaj:               Dhamaar,   Tivra,    Tritaal

  2. Ability to play all the bols /syllables from this year’s theory section (no.3).

  3. Improvisation in the following taals:

     

       Tabla:

  1. Tritaal: One Kaayda each of Dhati dhage and Traka- 4 paltaas, Tihai, 

     One Rela, 4 Kismes, One chakradaar and Two Tukdaas.

  1. Jhaptaal: One kaayda and Two Tihais.
  2. Ektaal: Two Tihais and Two Tukadaas.
  3. Dadra and Keharva: Two simple laggis in each taal.
  4. Rupak: Two Kismes,   Two Tihais, Two  tukdaas.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

      Pakhavaj     (NOT TO FOLLOW BY THE TABLA STUDENTS)

  1. Chautaal: Two relaas,  One Padaar,  Two simple Paran.
  2. Sultaal:  One Rela,  Two Paran
  3. Dhamaar: Two Paran,  Two Tihais,  Two Tukdaa
  4. Tivraa:  Two types of Thekaas,  Two Paran,  Two Tihais.

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

  4. Tabla: Ability to accompany with Chotaa Khyal or Rajakhani gat in Tritaal.

      Pakhaavaj:  Ability to accompany with Dhrupad.

 

  5. Ability to recite and show by hand (padhant) of all the composition (rachana) types given in the

      practical part (eg. Taal, Tukda, Chakradaar, Tihai etc.)

 

         NOTES:

  1. Allocation time for practical examination is 20 min.
  2. All students should play with the lehara.
  3. For the Pakhaavaj students, taals of Pakhaavaj from the syllabus will be asked.

 

MARKSHEET  QAUESTIONNAIRE

 

 

 

Marks

1.

To play thekaas of taal and their dugun

10 marks

2.

Nikaas – ways of each syllable and its sound projection

05 marks

3.

Performance in Tritaal

20 marks

4.

Performance in Jhptaal, Ektaal and Rupak

15 marks

5.

Laggis in Dadra and Kaherwa

05 marks

6.

Accompaniment (according to the syllabus)

05 marks

7.

Padhant by giving taals by hand.

10 marks

8.

Overall performance

05 marks

 

Total

75 marks

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

LEVEL - 4

Abg/Tabla/ Pakhaavaj/Nov 06   

 

Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal

MADHYAMA PRATHAM   TABLA / PAKHAAVAJ

 

  Marks: 200                                                                                                                                                                                     Theory: 75 / Min: 26  

  Minimum: 70                                                                                                                                                                            Practical: 125 / Min: 44

                                                                                                                                       

   Thoery:

  1. Short history of Tabla / Pakhavaj and its modification in modern time.
  2. Explanation of various Gharanaas and Baaj with examples and detailed information from the following.

Tabla:                    a)  Delhi          b) Lucknow

Pakhavaj:              a) Paanse        b) Kudonsinh

  1. Information about various Gaayan Shailee (vocal styles) and Gaayan Prakaars (vocal types). 

      a) Khyaal (vilambit – drut)   b) Dhrupad    c) Thumri    d) Bhajan    e) Taraanaa

4.   Performance knowledge of Tabla / Pakhaavaj for Swatantra or solo and Saath Sangat or

        accompaniment.

  1. Good and bad qualities of Tabla / Pakhaavaj artist.
  2. Definitions of the following terms

a) Farmaayshi Chakradhaar     b) Tihai – Bedam and Damdaar     c) Gat     d) Peshkaar

e) Paran and its various types.

     7.   Tabla: To be able to write notation of Kaaydaas and Relaas of Tritaal, Jhaptaal and Ektaal.

            Pakhaavaj: To be able to write notation of Relaas and Parans of Chautaal, Sultaal and

            Dhamaar.

     8a. Procedure of how to tune your instrument.

        b. Knowledge of various pitched tabla to be used with different musical styles for

            accompaniment.

      c. Procedure and reason of using dough on the baanyu of Paklhaavaj.

 

  Practical:

  1. Thekaa of following taals.

    Tabla: Tilwada,  Jhaptaal (vilambit), Addha,  Adaa Chautaal, Khemtaa, Sultaal

    Pakhvaaj: Jhampaa, Jhaptaal, Basant, Vikram (12beats), Dhumaali

  1. Use of following Taals in various musical styles

Ektaal,      Tritaal,      Dadra,       Chautaal,       Dhamaar

  1. Tabla:

                a)   to play mukhdaas in vilambit Tritaal and Jhaptaal

                b)   to play Laggi in Kaherwa and Dadra with tihai in end to join the thekaa.

 

 

  1. Improvisation in following Taals - (Candidate for Tabla )

Tritaal:

  1. One kaayda of Chatashra Jaati and Tishra Jaati each with four paltaas and tihai.
  2. Relaa of Dhira Dhira with three paltaas
  3. One Gat, One Farmaayshi Chakradhaar and Tukdaas (three / four)
  4. Ability to join the sam with tihai from 1, 5, 9, 13 beats.

            

            Jhaptaal:

  1. Ability to play Jhaptaal up to 15 minutes with-

                 1)   Two Kaydaas         2) One relaa     3) Three Tukdaas    4) Three Tihais (sam to sam)    

 5)   Two mukhdaas    6) One Chakradhaar

 

        Ability to play following bols (candidate for tabla)

  1. Dhira dhira  kitataka  takita  dha S
  2. Dha traka  dhikita  kata gadigana
  3. Ding dinaa ginaa
  4. Taka din taka

                                          

 

 

       Pakhvaaj:

  1. to play Uthaan in Chautaal and Dhamaar
  2. to play Laggi in Dhumaali and Dadra with tihai in end to join the thekaa.
  1. Dhet dhina naka,  Dhet dhina naka, dhina naka
  2. Dhum kita dhum kita   takita takaakita
  3. Takita  takaa  titakata gadigana  taa  dha 

 

         6. Ability to recite following taals by hand in tigun laya (triple speed)

 

Tabla: Tritaal, Jhaptaal, Ektaal, Rupak, Chautaal

Pakhaavaj: Chautaal, Dhamaar, Sultaal, Tivraa, Tritaal

 

          7.  Ability to recite Gat and Farmaayshi chakradhaar by hand in Tritaal.

 

 

 

 

MADHYAMA PRATHAM   TABLA / PAKHAAVAJ

Marksheet

Note: 1)  35 minutes is allocated for each candidate for this year’s examination.

  1. Student must perform with the llahera.
  2. Pakhaavaj taal will be asked from the syllabus for the pakhaavaj exam.

 

 

Contents

Marks

1

Thekaa of taals and their dugun

10

2

Mukhdaa in the vilambit taals

10

3

Improvisation in Tritaal (syllabus based)

40

4

Improvisation in Jhaptaal (syllabus based)

30

5

Laggis in Dadra and Kaherwa taals

05

6

Padhant (recitation) of Gat and Farmaayshi chakradhaar

05

7

To recite Taals in Tigun laya (syllabus based)

10

8

Nikaas and Taiyaari  (presentation with correct sound & style with expertise)

10

9

Overall impression

05

 

TOTAL

125

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abg/Voc- ins/Nov 06

Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal

MADHYAMA PURNA    TABLA / PAKHAVAJ

Marks: 250                                                                                          Minimum: 88

Theory: 100 / Minimum: 35                                    Practical: 130 / Minimum: 53

 

Theory:

 

  1. Knowledge of different vocal styles : Dhrupad, Dhamaar, Gazal, Tappaa
  2. History of tabla / pakhaavaj : Modification and progression from ancient to modern times
  3. Knowledge of all gharaanaas and their baajs of tabla / pakhaavaj
  4. Knowledge of accompaniment for vocal, instrumental and dance with the information of its rules
  5. Tabla – ability to write notations in Aad, Biaad and Kuaad of Tritaal, Jhaptaal and Rupak taal

Pakhaavaj – Chautaal, Sultaal and Dhamaar

  1. Definition of following terms:

Aamad, Tripalli, Chaupalli, Gat kaayda, Kamaali Chakradhaar

  1. Biography of following players and their contribution in music

      1. Us Ahmadjaan Thirakwaa     2. Us. Amir Hussain Khansaaheb    3.Us. Allarakha

4. Us. Habibuddin Khan   5. Pt. Samtaprasad  6. Us. Afaak Hussain  7. Swami Pagaldasji

8. Raja Chhatrapati Sinh

  1. Essay on to taal and tabla / pakhaavaj relevant  subjects
  2. Comparative study of the following terms:

Tabla – Peshkaar, Kaaydaa, Relaa

Pakhaavaj – Saath Paran, Gat Paran, Bol Paran

 

Practical:

  1. To be able to recite and play following taal’s thekaas by hand in ekgun and dugun.

Tabla: Jhoomra, Punjabi, Dhamaar

Pakhaavaj: Gajjhampaa, Matt taal, Rudra Taal

  1. Tabla: Ability to do accompaniment with Badakhyaal in Ektaal and Tritaal.

Pakhaavaj: Ability to do accompaniment with Dhrupad, Dhamaar and Saadraa

  1. Ability to join the sam by playing mukhdaas in vilambit laya in the above mentioned taals (i.e Jhoomra, Punjabi, Dhamaar)
  2.  Knowledge of appropriate tuning of tabla / pakhaavaj
  3. Improvisation in following taals           (For Tabla students)
  1.  Tritaal : Ability to perform up to 20 minutes solo with-
    • Peshkaar
    • Kaayda of tishra jaati and chatashra jaati
    • Relaas of tirakita, dhira dhira and dina taka
    • Gat , Chakradhaar tukda etc
  2.  Ability to play Rupak, Jhaptaal and Ektaal with Kaaydaas, tukdaas, relaas etc (minimum two variations) with full preparation.
  3. Ability to theka of tritaal in drut laya.   

______________________________________________________________________________

                  (For Pakhaavaj students)

  1. Solo performance in Chautaal up to 20 minutes.
  2. Solo performance in Tewra, Sultaal and Dhamaar taal with full preparation up to10 minutes
  1. Ability to play thekaa of Chautaal / Dhamaar in drut laya.

Marksheet

Note:

  1. For every candidate 35 min. is allotted for this examination.
  2. Student has to perform with the lahera
  1. For Pakhaavaj exam taals from the syllabus will be asked.

 

 

Contents

Marks

1

Thekaas of taal with its dugun

10

2

Accompaniment

15

3

Mukhdaas in vilambit laya to join the sam

10

4

Tuning of instrument

05

5

Performance in Tritaal (syllabus based)

50

6

Performance in Rupak, Jhaptaal; and Ektaal (syllabus based)

45

7

Thekaa of tritaal in drut laya

05

8

Nikaas and tayaari (production and preparation)

05

9

Overall presentation

05

 

Total

150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abg/Voc- ins/Nov 06

Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal

VISHARAD PRATHAM   TABLA / PAKHAAVAJ

 

Marks: 400                                                                                                                                           Minimum: 180                                                                                   

Practical: 250  (Oral: 200+Manch Pradarshan: 50),     Minimum:128

Theory: 150, Minimum:52, (26+26)

                                                                                                                                       

First Question Paper:

Theory:

 

1) Difference between Taal and Thekaa, detailed definition of taal.

    Knowledge of Sam, Khaali, taali, Khand/Vibhag.

2) Knowledge of writing notations of tukdaas in thaah & dugun of Tritaal and Jhaptaal.

3) Definitions with examples of the following:

    Aamad, Peshkaar, Kaayda, Relaa, Chalan, Gatparan, Mukhdaa, Mohraa

4) Comparative knowledge of taals of same numbers of beats.

  1. Deepchandi – Jhoomraa - Adaa Chautaal – Dhamaar
  2. Rupak – Tewraa – Pashto       
  3. Tritaal, Tilwaadaa, Addha – Punjabi

5) Explanation and knowledge of laya and layakaari and their relation.

6) Principle of the classification of Indian instruments and knowledge.       

 

Second Question Paper:

 

1) Brief study of the origination of Tabla or Pakhaavaj and its progression.

2) Characteristic and comparison of various Baaj used in Tabla.

3) Detailed knowledge of any on Baaj   and

    Gharanaas of Tabla or Pakhaavaj with their distinctive playing styles

    Tabla: Delhi, Lucknow and Punjab

    Pakhaavaj: Kudausinh, Nana Paanse and Naathdwaar

4)   i) Importance and position of peshkaar, kaayda, relaa and gat table solo.

     ii) Importance and position of relaa, chakradhaar, stuti paran, bolbaant, aadeshi paran in  

         pakhaavaj playing.

5) To write notations of two damdaar and two bedam tihai in each taal from the following.

    1) Tabla:     Tritaal, Jhaptaal, Aaada Chautaal

    2) Pakhaavaj:     Tewraa, Sultaal, Aaditaal

 

 

 

2

Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal - VISHARAD PRATHAM   TABLA / PAKHAAVAJ

 

 6) Procedure of riyaaz to make balanced playing of baanyu in tabla or Pakhaavaj

 7) Autobiography and contribution in music of the following musicians.

    a) Us. Salaari khan  b) Us. Munir khan    c) Pt. Kanthe Maharaj   d) Us. Gaame khan

    e) Us. Karaamttulah khan  f) Inaam Ali khan   h) Pt. Purushottamdas Pakhaavaji

    i) Pt. Madhavrao Algutkar   j) Pt. Sakhramji Gurav.

 

Practical:

  1. Knowledge and experience of tuning tabla and proficiency in recognising madhyam and pancham from various note (swar) on the harmonium.
  2. To be able to recite Rupak, Sultaal, Ektaal, Chautaal, Tritaal and Jhaptaal in thaah, dugun, tigun and chaugun by hand.
  3.  Tabla: Vaadan (playing) in Tritaal as follows.
  1. Kaayda of Tita – one in tishra jaati and chatshra jaati with four paltaa and tihai
  2. Two kaaydaa of Tirakita – with four paltaas and tihai.
  3. Rela of Dhin (din) tirakitataka with four paltaas and tihai.

d.Rela of Dhira Dhira bols with four paltaas and tihai.

e.Minimum five bandish (gat tukdaa)

f.Two damdaar and bedam tihai.

Pakhaavaj: Vaadan in following

  1. Playing in Chautaal, Dhamaar and Aaditaal as follows
  1. Relaa of Padaar, Tishra and Chatushra jaati
  2. Playing of stuti paran, gat paran and taal paran
  3. Farmaaishi chakradhaar parans and tihaais

4.   Procedures of playing following bols and phrases.

      Dha tirakitataka tirakita,   Dha ti,   Dha ge tita,  Dhira dhira,  Dhinagina (not dhin naa gi naa),

      Gadigana,  Dhumkita,  Dhita dhita dhage tita,  Dhet taginna.

  1. Melodious and artistic laggis in Keharwa and dadra taal.
  2. Tabla:Two kaaydaas in Jhaptaal and Savaari taal(15 beats) – one in tishra and one chtashrajaati with paltaas, one relaa, two damdaar tihai and four tukdaas.

Pakhaavaj: knowledge of playing Relaa, Tukaas, Parans, tihais in Rudra  and Gajjhampaa Taal

  1. Accompaniment with vocal and instrument.
  2. To be able to play damdaar and bedam tihais from various beats in the previous years taals.

      Manch pradarshan – stage performance

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